Refraction of the eye


The way to perform clinical tests by using a phoropter to identify the eye’s refractive error.

Alternative labels

refractive error examination
refraction of the eyes
refractive error testing

Skill type


Skill reusability level


Relationships with occupations

Essential knowledge

Refraction of the eye is an essential knowledge of the following occupations:

Optometrist: Optometrists examine and test eyes to identify abnormalities, visual problems, or disease. They prescribe and fit lenses such as spectacles and contacts, and offer advice on visual problems. They may also refer patients to a medical practitioner. Their scope of practice and title varies according to national regulations.

Optional knowledge

Refraction of the eye is optional for these occupations. This means knowing this knowledge may be an asset for career advancement if you are in one of these occupations.




  1. Refraction of the eye – ESCO


Last updated on September 20, 2022

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