K041 - business and administration

Child Topics

K0410 - business and administration not further defined

K0410 - business and administration not further defined

Description
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    K0411 - accounting and taxation

    K0411 - accounting and taxation

    Accounting and taxation is the study of maintaining, auditing and recording financial transactions. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Accounting Auditing Bookkeeping Tax accounting Tax management === Exclusions Study of tax laws is excluded from this detailed field and included in detailed field 0421 ‘Law’.
      0 Sub topics in this topic
      K0412 - finance, banking and insurance

      K0412 - finance, banking and insurance

      Description Finance, banking and insurance is the study of planning, directing, organizing and controlling financial activities and services. It includes the control and monitoring of the financial resources of organizations, institutions and individuals, and the provision of financial services at the corporate and individual level. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Bank teller studies Banking and finance Finance theory Insurance Investment analysis Investments and securities Pension insurance Social insurance Stock-broking === Exclusions Study of actuarial science is excluded from this detailed field and included in detailed field 0542 ‘Statistics’.
        0 Sub topics in this topic
        K0413 - management and administration

        K0413 - management and administration

        Management and administration is the study of planning, directing and operating the functions and activities of organizations and institutions. Programmes in management also including administration, economics, finance etc. are included here if emphasis is given to management and administration. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Administration Educational management Employment management Entrepreneurship Health administration Logistic management Management science Office management Organizational theory and behaviour Personnel administration Personnel management ‘Start your own business’ courses Supply change management Training management === Inclusions: Study of leadership in the context of management is included here. === Exclusions: Training in leadership in the context of personal development is excluded from this detailed field and included in detailed field 0031 ‘Personal skills’. Study of administration in the meaning of office work is excluded from this detailed field and included in detailed field 0415 ‘Secretarial and office work’.
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          K0414 - marketing and advertising

          K0414 - marketing and advertising

          Description Marketing and advertising is the study of promoting the exchange processes of goods and services between organizations and/or individuals, and the study of consumer behaviour and requirements. It includes the study of the role of product development, pricing, distribution, promotion and sales in order to maximise business performance. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Advertising Consumer behaviour Market research Marketing Merchandising Public relations
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            K0415 - secretarial and office work

            K0415 - secretarial and office work

            Secretarial and office work is the study of administrative procedures and practices, office technology and clerical, shorthand and keyboard skills. Specialised secretarial programmes (bilingual, medical, law, accounting etc) are included if the programme has secretarial work as its objective, rather than work as specialised assistants. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Administrative and secretarial services Clerical programmes Data entry Foreign language secretary programmes Keyboard skills Legal secretary programmes Medical secretary programmes Operation of office equipment Receptionist training Secretarial programmes Shorthand Switchboard operating Typing === Inclusions Broad secretarial programmes comprising among other things computer courses are included here. === Exclusions Separate programmes or qualifications in using a specific computer software are excluded from this detailed field and included under detailed field 0611 ‘Computer use’. Office management is excluded from this detailed field and included in detailed field 0413 ‘Management and administration’. Hotel receptionist programmes are excluded from this detailed field and included in detailed field 1013 ‘Hotel, restaurant and catering’.
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              K0416 - wholesale and retail sales

              K0416 - wholesale and retail sales

              Description Wholesale and retail sales is the study of buying and selling goods and services, including stock management, pricing practices, loss prevention, sales systems and procedures. It includes the study of the workings and current trends of the wholesale and retail industries. Selling of buildings and properties is also included. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Auctioneering Consumer services Demonstration techniques Purchasing Real-estate business Retailing Stock-keeping Ware-housing Wholesaling === Inclusions Study of buying and selling buildings and properties is included here.
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                K0417 - work skills

                K0417 - work skills

                Work skills is the study of the structure and function of working life. It comprises programmes, mainly given as staff training, related to the working place and to work assignments. Programmes and qualifications with the following main content are classified here: Clients’ needs Company knowledge Customer service training ‘Introduction to work’ courses Organization at work Quality assurance Trade union courses (general) Work development === Inclusions Staff training related to the work place or work assignments is included here. === Exclusions Training related to the work place or work assignments is excluded from this detailed field if it has more to do with personal development than work development and is included in detailed field 0031 ‘Personal skills’. Staff training which can be classified to any other field is excluded from this detailed field and included in the appropriate field (e.g. quality courses should, if technical, be included in the detailed fields under 071 ‘Engineering and engineering trades’.) Programmes in work environment should be included in detailed field 1022 ‘Occupational health and safety’. Programmes, mostly at tertiary level, dealing with working life in general in terms of the labour market, the social partners, industrial psychology etc. are excluded from this detailed field and included in the detailed fields under 031 ‘Social and behaviour sciences’.
                  0 Sub topics in this topic