Graphologists analyse written or printed materials in order to draw conclusions and evidence about traits, personality, abilities and authorship of the writer. They interpret letter forms, the fashion of writing, and patterns in the writing.

Other titles

The following job titles also refer to graphologist:

handwriting expert
forensic handwriting expert
handwriting specialist
forensic document examiner

Minimum qualifications

Bachelor’s degree is generally required to work as graphologist. However, this requirement may differ in some countries.

ISCO skill level

ISCO skill level is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation. It is measured on a scale from 1 to 4, with 1 the lowest level and 4 the highest, by considering:

  • the nature of the work performed in an occupation in relation to the characteristic tasks and duties
  • the level of formal education required for competent performance of the tasks and duties involved and
  • the amount of informal on-the-job training and/or previous experience in a related occupation required for competent performance of these tasks and duties.

Graphologist is a Skill level 4 occupation.

Graphologist career path

Similar occupations

These occupations, although different, require a lot of knowledge and skills similar to graphologist.

language engineer
literature teacher secondary school
linguistics lecturer
polygraph examiner
probation officer

Long term prospects

These occupations require some skills and knowledge of graphologist. They also require other skills and knowledge, but at a higher ISCO skill level, meaning these occupations are accessible from a position of graphologist with a significant experience and/or extensive training.

Essential knowledge and skills

Essential knowledge

This knowledge should be acquired through learning to fulfill the role of graphologist.

Theories of personality: Theoretical conceptions of personality, such as psychodynamic theory, humanistic theory or behaviorism.
Behavioural science: The investigation and analysis of subject behaviour through regulated and lifelike observations and disciplined scientific experiments.
Writing techniques: The different techniques to write a story such as the descriptive, persuasive, first person and other techniques.
Psychology: The human behaviour and performance with individual differences in ability, personality, interests, learning, and motivation.
Handwriting analysis: Types of approaches to analysing handwriting in order to identify a person and their personality.
Psychological theories: The historical development of counselling and psychological theories, as well as the perspectives, applications, and interviewing and counselling strategies.

Essential skills and competences

These skills are necessary for the role of graphologist.

Report test findings: Report test results with a focus on findings and recommendations, differentiating results by levels of severity. Include relevant information from the test plan and outline the test methodologies, using metrics, tables, and visual methods to clarify where needed.
Apply knowledge of human behaviour: Practice principles related to group behaviour, trends in society, and influence of societal dynamics.
Inspect data: Analyse, transform and model data in order to discover useful information and to support decision-making.

Optional knowledge and skills

Optional knowledge

This knowledge is sometimes, but not always, required for the role of graphologist. However, mastering this knowledge allows you to have more opportunities for career development.

Classical languages: All dead languages, no longer actively used, originating from various periods in history, such as Latin from Antiquity, Middle English from the Middle Ages, Classical Maya from the Pre-colonial Americas, and Renaissance Italian from the Early Modern Period.
Cognitive psychology: The human mental processes such as attention, memory, language use, perception, problem solving, creativity and thinking.
Modern languages: All human languages still actively used today.
Questioned document examination: The forensic science discipline that uses scientific methods to provide evidence about a document used as evidence in court, such as origin, forgery, and authenticity.
Linguistics: The scientific study of language and its three aspects, language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Forensic linguistics: The use of linguistic knowledge, methods, and insights to provide linguistic evidence during a criminal investigation.

Optional skills and competences

These skills and competences are sometimes, but not always, required for the role of graphologist. However, mastering these skills and competences allows you to have more opportunities for career development.

Provide testimony in court hearings: Provide testimony in court hearings regarding a variety of social matters and other events.
Reconstruct modified documents: Decipher and reconstruct the content of modified or partially destroyed documents.
Identify forged documents: Identify forgeries by examining documents for signs of alterations or forgery.
Determine authorship of documents: Determine the author of a document by comparing signatures and handwriting through handwriting analysis.
Identify origin of typed documents: Link typed documents to a specific machine or computer by examining the printing process.
Decode handwritten texts: Analyse, understand, and read handwritten texts with different writing styles. Analyse the overall message of texts to ensure coherence in the understanding.

ISCO group and title

2643 – Translators, interpreters and other linguists





  1. Graphologist – ESCO
Last updated on August 8, 2022

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