Animal artificial insemination technician


Animal artificial insemination technicians are in charge of the impregnation of an animal using collected semen, in accordance with national legislation.

Other titles

The following job titles also refer to animal artificial insemination technician:

animal artificial insemination technicians
artificial insemination engineer
AI technician
AI specialist
AI engineer
animal AI technician
artificial inseminator
artificial insemination specialist

Minimum qualifications

Associate’s degree is generally required to work as animal artificial insemination technician. However, this requirement may differ in some countries.

ISCO skill level

ISCO skill level is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation. It is measured on a scale from 1 to 4, with 1 the lowest level and 4 the highest, by considering:

  • the nature of the work performed in an occupation in relation to the characteristic tasks and duties
  • the level of formal education required for competent performance of the tasks and duties involved and
  • the amount of informal on-the-job training and/or previous experience in a related occupation required for competent performance of these tasks and duties.

Animal artificial insemination technician is a Skill level 3 occupation.

Animal artificial insemination technician career path

Similar occupations

These occupations, although different, require a lot of knowledge and skills similar to animal artificial insemination technician.

animal embryo transfer technician
animal hydrotherapist
animal massage therapist
alternative animal therapist
animal therapist

Long term prospects

These occupations require some skills and knowledge of animal artificial insemination technician. They also require other skills and knowledge, but at a higher ISCO skill level, meaning these occupations are accessible from a position of animal artificial insemination technician with a significant experience and/or extensive training.

animal osteopath
animal chiropractor
animal physiotherapist
animal behaviourist
official veterinarian

Essential knowledge and skills

Essential knowledge

This knowledge should be acquired through learning to fulfill the role of animal artificial insemination technician.

Biosecurity related to animals: Awareness of hygiene and bio-security measures when working with animals, including causes, transmission and prevention of diseases and use of policies, materials and equipment.
Signs of animal illness: Physical, behavioural and environmental signs of health and ill health in various animals.
Animal welfare legislation: The legal boundaries, codes of professional conduct, national and EU regulatory frameworks and legal procedures of working with animals and living organisms, ensuring their welfare and health.
Animal welfare: Universally recognized animal welfare needs as applied to species, situation and occupation. These are:

need for a suitable environment
need for a suitable diet
need to be able to exhibit normal behaviour patterns
need to be housed with, or apart, from other animals
need to be protected from pain, suffering, injury and disease.

Physiology of animals: The study of the mechanical, physical, bioelectrical and biochemical functioning of animals, their organs and their cells.
Safe work practices in a veterinary setting: Safe work practices in a veterinary setting in order to identify hazards and associated risks so as to prevent accidents or incidents. This includes injury from animals, zoonotic diseases, chemicals, equipment and working environment.
Anatomy of animals: The study of animal body parts, their structure and dynamic relationships, on a level as demanded by the specific occupation.
Animal behaviour: The natural behavioural patterns of animals, i.e. how normal and abnormal behaviour might be expressed according to species, environment, human-animal interaction and occupation.

Essential skills and competences

These skills are necessary for the role of animal artificial insemination technician.

Insert semen: Observe animals in heat to detect the approach of oestrus or comply with the synchronisation protocol. Insert the semen into the genital tract of the female animal using appropriate equipment and technique for species.
Manage animal biosecurity: Plan and use appropriate biosafety measures to prevent transmission of diseases and ensure effective overall biosecurity. Maintain and follow biosecurity procedures and infection control when working with animals, including recognising potential health issues and taking appropriate action, communicating site hygiene control measures and biosecurity procedures, as well as reporting to others.
Select semen for artificial insemination of animals: Select semen for animal artificial insemination according to the breeding program. Prepare sample and use the appropriate equipment and safe working practices.
Handle frozen semen: Correctly identify, carefully handle and thaw the straws of frozen semen that have been kept in liquid nitrogen storage.
Evaluate animal pregnancy: Perform pregnancy evaluation using common methods such as using on-farm milk progesterone test, treatment of non-pregnant cows with prostaglandin, and pregnancy diagnosis by uterine palpation. Check and confirm pregnancy and take appropriate action in relation to husbandry and reporting requirements.
Carry out artificial insemination of livestock: Carry out insemination ensuring excellent hygiene, prevention of injury, minimal discomfort, and welfare.’
Maintain breeding equipment: Operate and care for the equipment used in breeding procedures. This includes, when disposable equipment is not used, effective cleaning and disinfection, in order to avoid transmission of diseases, and to ensure a high welfare standard of the animals.
Maintain professional records: Produce and maintain records of work performed.
Apply safe work practices in a veterinary setting: Apply safe work practices in a veterinary setting in order to identify hazards and associated risks so as to prevent accidents or incidents. This includes injury from animals, zoonotic diseases, chemicals, equipment and work environments.
Evaluate semen: Ensure collected semen is of good quality and quantity. Examine semen, using a microscope, to evaluate density and motility of gametes. Dilute semen with prescribed diluents according to regulations.
Store semen for future use on livestock: Store animal semen at the correct temperature and in accordance with production specifications for future use.
Manage animal hygiene: Plan and use appropriate hygiene measures to prevent transmission of diseases and ensure an effective overall hygiene. Maintain and follow hygiene procedures and regulations when working with animals, communicate site hygiene controls and protocols to others. Manage the safe disposal of waste according to destination and local regulations.
Handle veterinary emergencies: Handle unforeseen incidents concerning animals and circumstances which call for urgent action in an appropriate professional manner.
Monitor the welfare of animals: Monitor animals’ physical condition and behaviour and report any concerns or unexpected changes, including signs of health or ill-health, appearance, condition of the animals’ accommodation, intake of food and water and environmental conditions.
Assess animal behaviour: Observe and evaluate the behaviour of animals in order to work with them safely and recognise deviations from normal behaviour that signal compromised health and welfare.
Administer specific drugs to facilitate breeding: Administer specific drugs for synchronisation of breeding cycles to animals in accordance with veterinary and owner instructions. This includes the safe use and storage of drugs and equipment and record keeping.

Optional knowledge and skills

Optional knowledge

This knowledge is sometimes, but not always, required for the role of animal artificial insemination technician. However, mastering this knowledge allows you to have more opportunities for career development.

Veterinary terminology: Spelling and meaning of commonly used terminology of veterinary terms.
Animal production science: Animal nutrition, agronomy, rural economics, animal husbandry, hygiene and bio-security, ethology, protection and herd health management.

Optional skills and competences

These skills and competences are sometimes, but not always, required for the role of animal artificial insemination technician. However, mastering these skills and competences allows you to have more opportunities for career development.

Take advantage of learning opportunities in veterinary science: Use different channels and learning styles such as journals, courses, and conferences to obtain new information, knowledge, skills, and know-how in relation to working with animals.
Treat animals ethically: Carry out activities according to accepted principles of right and wrong, including transparency in work practices and conduct towards clients and their animals.
Prepare livestock for artificial insemination: Correctly identify stock to be inseminated. Move stock to an appropriate area to be inseminated. Ensure that the work environment is suitable for the safe handling of animals and protection of operators.
Understand the animal’s situation: Categorise and verify information about the environment and its impact on the animal. Analyse the situation, such as what the animal may want or need.
Calculate optimal time for insemination: Calculate the best time for insemination through monitoring of female behaviour patterns and heat cycles.
Collaborate with animal related professionals: Collaborate with veterinary and other animal related professionals through communication of animal details, case records and summary reports orally or via written or electronic transfer.
Cope with challenging circumstances in the veterinary sector: Maintain a positive attitude during challenging situations such as a misbehaving animal. Work under pressure and adapt to the circumstances in a positive manner.’
Follow work schedule: Manage the sequence of activities in order to deliver completed work on agreed deadlines by following a work schedule.
Assess animal’s condition: Inspect the animal for any external signs of parasites, disease or injury. Use this information to determine own actions and report your findings to owners.
Make decisions regarding the animal’s welfare: Make a choice from several alternative possibilities that promote the animal’s well-being.
Manage selection of breeding stock: Manage the selection of breeding stock in accordance with the breeding programme and where possible screen stock to minimise known genetic weaknesses.
Keep records of animal inseminations: Create and maintain records of animal inseminations including dates and other data.
Interview animal owners on animals’ conditions: Ask questions appropriate to the setting and purpose, with the aim to elicit accurate information on the animal’s health condition, in order to facilitate a correct diagnosis.
Develop an animal handling strategy: Develop plans and strategies to deal with the animal in order to achieve established goals and optimal results.
Inspect data: Analyse, transform and model data in order to discover useful information and to support decision-making.
Plan animal breeding programmes: Plan a responsible animal breeding programme with a clearly defined purpose. Assess the needs of the animal and how they may be addressed or affected throughout the breeding programme. Communicate the breeding programme to those who will be involved in its implementation.
Deal with challenging people: Work safely and communicate effectively with individuals and groups of people who are in challenging circumstances. This would include recognition of signs of aggression, distress, threatening and how to address them to promote personal safety and that of others.

ISCO group and title

3240 – Veterinary technicians and assistants





  1. Animal artificial insemination technician – ESCO
Last updated on August 8, 2022

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