Nannies provide qualified care services to children on the premises of the employer. They organise play activities and entertain children with games and other cultural and educative activities according to their respective age, prepare meals, give them bathes, transport them from and to school and assist them with homework on a punctual basis.
Nannies typically do the following:
- Organize creative activities and educational games (e.g. drawing, crafting and puppet games)
- Prepare children’s meals and feed them (including bottle-feeding for babies)
- Change diapers and bathe infants
- Help older children wash up and take baths
- Schedule nap times
- Teach children appropriate social behaviors, such as being respectful to each other and helping out with chores
- Transport children to and from school and extracurricular activities
- Tidy up play areas and children’s rooms
- Assist young students with homework
- Ensure children’s safety during indoors and outdoors activities
- Take care of children in case of injury or illness
- Perform housekeeping tasks as needed
- Work with parents to ensure children’s growth and social development
The following job titles also refer to nanny:
live-in baby sitter
private child care provider
Nannies typically work in the homes of the families they are employed by, caring for the children in the family. They may also be responsible for light housekeeping duties related to the children, such as laundry, preparing meals, and tidying up the children’s play areas.
Nannies typically work long hours, often including evenings and weekends, and they may be on call 24 hours a day. They may also be required to travel with the family on vacation or to business trips. The work can be physically and emotionally demanding, as nannies must be able to care for the children while also meeting the demands of the family. Nannies must be able to deal with the stress of the job and the demands of the family while still providing quality care for the children.
No formal educational credential is generally required to work as a nanny. However, some employers may prefer to hire workers with at least some formal instruction in childhood education or a related field, particularly when they will be hired as full-time nannies.
Most nannies learn the specific skills and techniques they need for their role while on the job. Training may include learning about the children they will care for, how to use the family’s equipment and how to handle specific situations. Training may also include learning about the family’s schedule and how to handle certain situations.
ISCO skill level
ISCO skill level is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation. It is measured on a scale from 1 to 4, with 1 the lowest level and 4 the highest, by considering:
- the nature of the work performed in an occupation in relation to the characteristic tasks and duties
- the level of formal education required for competent performance of the tasks and duties involved and
- the amount of informal on-the-job training and/or previous experience in a related occupation required for competent performance of these tasks and duties.
Nanny is a Skill level 2 occupation.
Nanny career path
These occupations, although different, require a lot of knowledge and skills similar to nanny.
Long term prospects
These occupations require some skills and knowledge of nanny. They also require other skills and knowledge, but at a higher ISCO skill level, meaning these occupations are accessible from a position of nanny with a significant experience and/or extensive training.
Essential knowledge and skills
This knowledge should be acquired through learning to fulfill the role of nanny.
- Workplace sanitation: The importance of a clean, sanitary workspace for example through use of hand disinfectant and sanitizer, in order to minimise infection risk between colleagues or when working with children.
- Common children’s diseases: The symptoms, characteristics, and treatment of diseases and disorders that often affect children, such as the measles, chickenpox, asthma, the mumps, and head lice.
Essential skills and competences
These skills are necessary for the role of nanny.
- Manage children’s problems: Promote the prevention, early detection, and management of children`s problems, focusing on developmental delays and disorders, behavioural problems, functional disabilities, social stresses, mental disorders including depression, and anxiety disorders.
- Assist children with homework: Help children with school tasks. Assist the child with the interpretation of the assignment and the solutions. Make sure the child studies for tests and exams.
- Assess the development of youth: Evaluate the different aspects of development needs of children and young people.
- Support the positiveness of youths: Help children and young people to assess their social, emotional and identity needs and to develop a positive self image, enhance their self esteem and improve their self reliance.
- Handle chemical cleaning agents: Ensure proper handling, storage and disposal of cleaning chemicals in accordance with regulations.
- Promote human rights: Promote and respect human rights and diversity in light of the physical, psychological, spiritual and social needs of autonomous individuals, taking into account their opinions, beliefs and values, and the international and national codes of ethics, as well as the ethical implications of healthcare provision, ensuring their right to privacy and honouring for the confidentiality of healthcare information.
- Clean surfaces: Disinfect surfaces in accordance with sanitary standards.
- Assist in children’s development of basic personal skills: Encourage and facilitate the development of children’s natural curiosity and social and language abilities through creative and social activities such as storytelling, imaginative play, songs, drawing, and games.
- Play with children: Engage in activities for enjoyment, tailored to children of a certain age. Be creative and improvise to amuse children with activities such as tinkering, sports or board games.
- Support children’s wellbeing: Provide an environment that supports and values children and helps them to manage their own feelings and relationships with others.
- Communicate with youth: Use verbal and non-verbal communication and communicate through writing, electronic means, or drawing. Adapt your communication to children and young people`s age, needs, characteristics, abilities, preferences, and culture.
- Attend to children’s basic physical needs: Tend to children by feeding them, dressing them, and, if necessary, regularly changing their diapers in a sanitary manner.
- Maintain relations with children’s parents: Inform children`s parents of the activities planned, program`s expectations and children`s individual progress.
- Supervise children: Keep the children under supervision for a certain period of time, ensuring their safety at all times.
Optional knowledge and skills
This knowledge is sometimes, but not always, required for the role of nanny. However, mastering this knowledge allows you to have more opportunities for career development.
- Baby care: The procedures required to take care of children up to the age of 1, such as feeding, bathing, soothing, and diapering the baby.
- Disability care: The specific methods and practices used in providing care to people with physical, intellectual and learning disabilities.
Optional skills and competences
These skills and competences are sometimes, but not always, required for the role of nanny. However, mastering these skills and competences allows you to have more opportunities for career development.
- Cook pastry products: Prepare savoury and sweet pastry products, combining with other products if necessary.
- Carry out wound care: Cleanse, irrigate, probe, debride, pack and dress wounds.
- Provide first aid: Administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation or first aid in order to provide help to a sick or injured person until they receive more complete medical treatment.
- Entertain people: Provide people with amusement by doing or offering a performance, like a show, a play or an artistic performance.
- Feed pets: Make sure that pets are given appropriate food and water on time.
- Drive vehicles: Be able to drive vehicles; have the appropriate type of driving license according to the type of motor vehicle used.
- Prepare sandwiches: Make filled and open sandwiches, paninis and kebabs.
- Use food preparation techniques: Apply food preparation techniques including the selecting, washing, cooling, peeling, marinating, preparing of dressings and cutting of ingredients.
- Iron textiles: Press and iron in order to shape or flatten textiles giving them their final finishing appearance. Iron by hand or with steam pressers.
- Dispose waste: Dispose waste in accordance with legislation, thereby respecting environmental and company responsibilities.
- Buy groceries: Purchase ingredients, products and tools that are necessary for daily housekeeping activities.
- Clean rooms: Clean rooms by cleaning glasswork and windows, polishing furniture, vacuuming carpets, scrubbing hard floors, and removing garbage.
- Use gardening equipment: Use gardening equipment such as clippers, sprayers, mowers, chainsaws, complying to health and safety regulations.
- Use reheating techniques: Apply reheating techniques including steaming, boiling or bain marie.
- Demonstrate when teaching: Present to others examples of your experience, skills, and competences that are appropriate to specific learning content to help students in their learning.
- Prepare ready-made dishes: Get ready for serving snacks and sandwiches or heat up ready-made bar products if requested.
- Give constructive feedback: Provide founded feedback through both criticism and praise in a respectful, clear, and consistent manner. Highlight achievements as well as mistakes and set up methods of formative assessment to evaluate work.
- Assist students in their learning: Support and coach students in their work, give learners practical support and encouragement.
- Use cooking techniques: Apply cooking techniques including grilling, frying, boiling, braising, poaching, baking or roasting.
ISCO group and title
5311 – Child care workers
- Nanny – ESCO
- Child Care Worker : Occupational Outlook Handbook – U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Nanny Job Description: Salary, Duties, & More – Climb the Ladder
- Featured image: Photo by cottonbro studio