Millers tend mills to grind cereal crops to obtain flour. They regulate the flow of materials that go into mills and adjust the grind to a specified fineness. They ensure basic maintenance and cleaning of equipments. They evaluate sample of product to verify fineness of grind.
The following job titles also refer to miller:
flour mill worker
grain mill worker
No formal educational credential is generally required to work as a miller.
ISCO skill level
ISCO skill level is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation. It is measured on a scale from 1 to 4, with 1 the lowest level and 4 the highest, by considering:
- the nature of the work performed in an occupation in relation to the characteristic tasks and duties
- the level of formal education required for competent performance of the tasks and duties involved and
- the amount of informal on-the-job training and/or previous experience in a related occupation required for competent performance of these tasks and duties.
Miller is a Skill level 2 occupation.
Miller career path
These occupations, although different, require a lot of knowledge and skills similar to miller.
Long term prospects
These occupations require some skills and knowledge of miller. They also require other skills and knowledge, but at a higher ISCO skill level, meaning these occupations are accessible from a position of miller with a significant experience and/or extensive training.
Essential knowledge and skills
This knowledge should be acquired through learning to fulfill the role of miller.
- Starchy plant foods: Variety of starchy plant foods that render flour, such as barley, oats, peanuts, potatoes, soybeans, rice, buckwheat, corn, lima beans, rye and chickpeas.
- Milling machines: Milling and mills and their operation in theory and practice.
- Mill operations: Details of milling operations related to grind size, particle size distribution, heat evolution. Milling processes for different cereals and grains.
Essential skills and competences
These skills are necessary for the role of miller.
- Check processing parameters: Check processing parameters to keep under control the technological processes.
- Operate grain cleaning machine: Start automatic cleaning machine that blows as well as sifts foreign particles, like dirt, twigs, and also stones from whole grain conveys clean grain to storage tank for further processing.
- Keep task records: Organise and classify records of prepared reports and correspondence related to the performed work and progress records of tasks.
- Collect samples for analysis: Collect samples of materials or products for laboratory analysis.
- Operate grinding machine: Start grinding machine and regulate flow of grain from hopper.
- Perform cleaning duties: Perform cleaning duties such as waste removal, vacuuming, emptying bins, and general cleaning of the working area. Cleaning activities should follow health and safety regulations if required.
- Follow written instructions: Follow written directions in order to perform a task or carry out a step-by-step procedure.
- Apply HACCP: Apply regulations regarding manufacture of food and food safety compliance. Employ food safety procedures based on Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP).
- Check quality of products on the production line: Check products for quality on the production line and remove defective items before and after packaging.
- Monitor milled food products: Monitor milled food products to make sure they comply with production requirements and quality standards.
- Be at ease in unsafe environments: Be at ease in unsafe environments like being exposed to dust, rotating equipment, hot surfaces, sub-freezing and cold storage areas, noise, wet floors and moving lift equipment.
- Work in conveyor belts in food manufacturing: Work in rotating conveyor belt systems in food manufacturing.
- Adhere to organisational guidelines: Adhere to organisational or department specific standards and guidelines. Understand the motives of the organisation and the common agreements and act accordingly.
- Apply requirements concerning manufacturing of food and beverages: Apply and follow national, international, and internal requirements quoted in standards, regulations and other specifications related with manufacturing of food and beverages.
- Apply GMP: Apply regulations regarding manufacture of food and food safety compliance. Employ food safety procedures based on Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).
- Carry out checks of production plant equipment: Carry out checks of the machinery and equipment used in the production plant. Ensure that the machinery is working properly, set machines before usage, and assure continuous operability of the equipment.
- Follow production schedule: Follow production schedule taking into account all requirements, times and needs. This schedule outlines what individual commodities must be produced in each time period and encapsulates various concerns like production, staffing, inventory, etc. It is usually linked to manufacturing where the plan indicates when and how much of each product will be demanded. Utilise all the information in the actual implementation of the plan.
- Measure precise food processing operations: Carry out accurately measured assignments with suitable tools and equipment in the process of producing food and beverages.
- Operate pneumatic conveyor chutes: Use air-conveyor chutes to transfer products or mixtures from containers to storage tanks.
- Tend grinding mill machine: Operate a grinding mill that grinds grains such as cereals, cocoa beans or coffee beans to obtain powders or pastes with different consistencies and grain sizes.
- Follow verbal instructions: Have the ability to follow spoken instructions received from colleagues. Strive to understand and clarify what is being requested.
Optional skills and competences
These skills and competences are sometimes, but not always, required for the role of miller. However, mastering these skills and competences allows you to have more opportunities for career development.
- Operate automated process control: Operate process control or automation system (PAS) used to control a production process automatically.
- Set up equipment for food production: Set up machinery and equipment for food production. Make sure that controls, settings, and input requirements are according to the required standards.
- Act reliably: Proceed in a way that one can be relied on or depended on.
- Keep inventory of goods in production: Keep inventory of goods whether they are goods in the front end (i.e. raw materials), intermediate, or back end (i.e. finished products). Count goods and store them for the following production and distribution activities.
- Assess food samples: Assess samples from a range of sources to draw analyses. For example, microorganisms detection, chemical analysis, and parasitological analysis.
- Keep machines oiled for steady functioning: Oil or grease the parts of the machines and equipment that need to be lubricated. Follow safety procedures to do so.
- Hire new personnel: Hire new personnel for a company or organisation payroll via a prepared set of procedures. Make staffing decisions and direct selection co-workers.
- Liaise with colleagues: Liaise with fellow colleagues to ensure common understanding on work related affairs and agree on the necessary compromises the parties might need to face. Negotiate compromises between parties as to ensure that work in general run efficiently towards the achievement of the objectives.
- Read engineering drawings: Read the technical drawings of a product made by the engineer in order to suggest improvements, make models of the product or operate it.
- Grade wheat for milling: Grading wheat to be milled based on several factors, the most important of which is the protein content. The wheat is stored in silos with wheat of the same analytical parameters until needed for milling.
- Dispose food waste: Dispose or collect food waste with the purpose of recycling or throwing away from the production process. Follow established procedures for their disposal taking care of the environment and the safety matters according to legislations.
- Control of expenses: Monitoring and maintaining effective cost controls, in regards to efficiencies, waste, overtime and staffing. Assessing excesses and strives for efficiency and productivity.
- Work in a food processing team: Collaborate in a team with other food processing professionals in service of the food and beverages industry.
- Liaise with managers: Liaise with managers of other departments ensuring effective service and communication, i.e. sales, planning, purchasing, trading, distribution and technical.
- Ensure compliance with environmental legislation in food production: Make sure to comply with environmental legislation in food production. Understand the legislation related to environmental matters in food manufacturing and apply it in practice.
- Label samples: Label raw material/ product samples for laboratory checks, according to implemented quality system.
ISCO group and title
8160 – Food and related products machine operators
- Miller – ESCO