Mediums claim to act as communicators between the natural world and the spiritual world.  They convey statements or images which they claim have been provided by spirits and that can have significant personal and often private meanings to their client.

Other titles

The following job titles also refer to medium:

spiritist, necromancer, channeller

Minimum qualifications

No formal educational credential is generally required to work as a medium.

ISCO skill level

ISCO skill level is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation. It is measured on a scale from 1 to 4, with 1 the lowest level and 4 the highest, by considering:

  • the nature of the work performed in an occupation in relation to the characteristic tasks and duties
  • the level of formal education required for competent performance of the tasks and duties involved and
  • the amount of informal on-the-job training and/or previous experience in a related occupation required for competent performance of these tasks and duties.

Medium is a Skill level 2 occupation.

Medium career path

Similar occupations

These occupations, although different, require a lot of knowledge and skills similar to medium.

fortune teller
dating service consultant
personal stylist

Long term prospects

These occupations require some skills and knowledge of medium. They also require other skills and knowledge, but at a higher ISCO skill level, meaning these occupations are accessible from a position of medium with a significant experience and/or extensive training.

life coach
body artist
wedding planner
employment agent
followspot operator

Essential knowledge and skills

Essential knowledge

This knowledge should be acquired through learning to fulfill the role of medium.

  • Spiritualism: The belief or doctrine that the world is made up of two fundamental substances, matter and spirit, and that it is possible for the living to communicate with the spirits of the dead.
  • Rhetoric: The art of discourse that aims at improving the ability of writers and speakers to inform, persuade or motivate their audience.
  • Occultism: The study of occult arts or practices, the belief in supernatural powers. These practices include alchemy, spiritualism, religion, magic and divination.

Essential skills and competences

These skills are necessary for the role of medium.

  • Use consulting techniques: Advise clients in different personal or professional matters.
  • Prospect new customers: Initiate activities in order to attract new and interesting customers. Ask for recommendations and references, find places where potential customers can be located.
  • Maintain privacy of service users: Respect and maintain the dignity and privacy of the client, protecting his or her confidential information and clearly explaining policies about confidentiality to the client and other parties involved.
  • Maintain customer service: Keep the highest possible customer service and make sure that the customer service is at all times performed in a professional way. Help customers or participants feel at ease and support special requirements.
  • Promote yourself: Market one’s own strengths in terms of skills and knowledge.
  • Listen actively: Give attention to what other people say, patiently understand points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times; able to listen carefully the needs of customers, clients, passengers, service users or others, and provide solutions accordingly.
  • Counsel clients: Assist and guide clients to overcome their personal, social, or psychological issues.
  • Use séance tools: Utilise tools to communicate with spirits of the dead, such as Ouija boards, spirit tables or cabinets.
  • Develop professional network: Reach out to and meet up with people in a professional context. Find common ground and use your contacts for mutual benefit. Keep track of the people in your personal professional network and stay up to date on their activities.

Optional knowledge and skills

Optional knowledge

This knowledge is sometimes, but not always, required for the role of medium. However, mastering this knowledge allows you to have more opportunities for career development.

  • Psychology: The human behaviour and performance with individual differences in ability, personality, interests, learning, and motivation.

Optional skills and competences

These skills and competences are sometimes, but not always, required for the role of medium. However, mastering these skills and competences allows you to have more opportunities for career development.

  • Perform live: Perform in front of live audiences.
  • Entertain people: Provide people with amusement by doing or offering a performance, like a show, a play or an artistic performance.
  • Perform lectures: Present lectures to various groups.
  • Manage a small-to-medium business: Manage the organisational, financial and day-to-day operation of a small-to-medium enterprise.
  • Apply crisis intervention: Respond methodologically to a disruption or breakdown in the normal or usual function of a person, family, group or community.
  • Use different communication channels: Make use of various types of communication channels such as verbal, handwritten, digital and telephonic communication with the purpose of constructing and sharing ideas or information.
  • Perform improvisation: Perform dialogues or actions spontaneously or without preparation.
  • Provide spiritual counselling: Assist individuals and groups seeking guidance in their religious convictions, or support in their spiritual experience, so that they are affirmed and confident in their faith.
  • Interview people: Interview people in a range of different circumstances.
  • Administer appointments: Accept, schedule and cancel appointments.
  • Keep personal administration: File and organise personal administration documents comprehensively.
  • Coach clients: Actively help clients to improve their strengths and confidence. Propose courses and workshops or coach them yourself.

ISCO group and title

5161 – Astrologers, fortune-tellers and related workers

  1. Medium – ESCO
Last updated on November 10, 2022

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